Gum disease, also known as periodontitis, is an infection of the gum tissues and is usually caused by a build-up of plaque on your teeth that extends to the gum line. Plaque contains bacteria which irritates the gums leading to redness and bleeding frequently, especially while brushing the inflamed gums. Hardened plaque is also known as calculus or tartar.
If gum disease is left untreated it could progress to a more severe form known as periodontitis. Periodontitis if left untreated causes bad breath, gum swelling, gum abscess and further weakens your teeth. Progression of the disease over time can lead to bone loss, increased recession of gums, mobility of teeth and in the loss of one or more teeth.
With your regular check-up at The Dental Retreat, we look for signs of gum disease. We recommend regular professional cleaning of your teeth and you may need x-rays to monitor it’s progress. During your regular check-up and clean visits, the dentist will remove plaque and tartar and discuss the home care required. You may also need further treatment depending on the extent of the disease.
Apart from your regular dental check-up and cleans, we also recommend brushing your teeth and gum line gently twice daily with a soft toothbrush which can be either using a manual or electric toothbrush.